Bruce J. Sangeorzan, M.D.

Director, RR&D Center for Excellence in Limb Loss Prevention and Prosthetic Engineering, Veterans Affairs

B.S. in Biology, University Of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 1972-1976
Medical School
M.D., Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, 1977-1981
General and Trauma Surgery, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, 1981-1982
Orthopedic Surgery, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, 1982-1986
Foot and Ankle Reconstruction, University of Washington, Jan.-Jun., 1987
Trauma, University of Washington, Jun.-Dec., 1986
Kashiwagi Suzuki/AAOS Travelling Fellowship, 1994
Board Certification
Board Certified

Dr. Bruce Sangeorzan is a specialist at the Sigvard T. Hansen Jr. Foot and Ankle Institute, the Director of the VA Center Of Excellence in Limb Loss Prevention and Prosthetic Engineering, and professor in the University of Washington Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine.

Dr. Sangeorzan earned his bachelor of science degree from the University of Michigan and doctor of medicine degree from Wayne State University in Detroit where he also completed his residency before coming to the University of Washington for a fellowship in orthopedic traumatology and a second in foot and ankle reconstruction.

He has received the Resdient Teaching Award, the OREF Clinical research award, The Mann Award for clinical research, the AMSUS Award for contributions to military care, and the Paul Magnusson Award for sustained contribution to clinical research for veterans' care.

Clinical Interests
  • deformities of the foot and ankle
  • sports injuries or major trauma to the feet and/or ankles
  • arthritis
  • disorders of the ligaments and tendons.
Personal Interests

Dr. Sangeorzan enjoys spending time with family and friends. 

Make an Appointment

206.520.5000 | 877.520.5000

Surgeries and Diagnosis


Adult foot and Ankle disorders: arthritis, flat foot, cavus foot, sports injuries, fractures


(PubMed Listing)

Recent publications:

  • Benich MR, Ledoux WR, Orendurff MS, Shofer JB, Hansen ST, Davitt J, Anderson JG, Bohay D, Coetzee JC, Maskill J, Brage M, Houghton M, Sangeorzan BJ. Comparison of Treatment Outcomes of Arthrodesis and Two Generations of Ankle Replacement Implants. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2017 Nov 1;99(21):1792-1800. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.16.01471.
  • Kiewiet NJ, Sangeorzan BJ. Calcaneal Fracture Management: Extensile Lateral Approach Versus Small Incision Technique. Foot Ankle Clin. 2017 Mar;22(1):77-91. doi: 10.1016/j.fcl.2016.09.013. Epub 2016 Dec 21. 
  • Telfer S, Kindig MW, Sangeorzan BJ, Ledoux WR. Metatarsal Shape and Foot Type: A Geometric Morphometric Analysis. J Biomech Eng. 2017 Mar 1;139(3). doi: 10.1115/1.4035077. PubMed PMID: 27802481.
  • Sangeorzan BJ, Swiontkowski M. Level-III and IV Evidence: Still Essential for the Field of Musculoskeletal Medicine and Surgery. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2016 Jul 20;98(14):1151-2. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.16.00369. 
  • Ramadorai MU, Beuchel MW, Sangeorzan BJ. Fractures and Dislocations of the Tarsal Navicular. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2016 Jun;24(6):379-89. doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-14-00442. 
  • Littman AJ, Thompson ML, Arterburn DE, Bouldin E, Haselkorn JK, Sangeorzan BJ, Boyko EJ. Lower-limb amputation and body weight changes in men. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2015;52(2):159-70. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2014.07.0166. 
  • Probasco W, Haleem AM, Yu J, Sangeorzan BJ, Deland JT, Ellis SJ. Assessment of coronal plane subtalar joint alignment in peritalar subluxation via weight-bearing multiplanar imaging. Foot Ankle Int. 2015 Mar;36(3):302-9. doi: 10.1177/1071100714557861.
  • Sangeorzan BJ, Brodsky JW, Thordarson DB. FAI Update 2014. Foot Ankle Int. 2014 Nov;35(11):1101. doi: 10.1177/1071100714558867. 
  • Littman AJ, Boyko EJ, Thompson ML, Haselkorn JK, Sangeorzan BJ, Arterburn DE. Physical activity barriers and enablers in older Veterans with lower-limb amputation. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2014;51(6):895-906. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2013.06.0152. 
  • Williams JR, Wegner NJ, Sangeorzan BJ, Brage ME. Intraoperative and perioperative complications during revision arthroplasty for salvage of a failed total ankle arthroplasty. Foot Ankle Int. 2015 Feb;36(2):135-42. doi: 10.1177/1071100714554452. 
  • Willauer P, Sangeorzan BJ, Whittaker EC, Shofer JB, Ledoux WR. The sensitivity of standard radiographic foot measures to misalignment. Foot Ankle Int. 2014 Dec;35(12):1334-40. doi: 10.1177/1071100714549188. 
  • Swords MP, Alton TB, Holt S, Sangeorzan BJ, Shank JR, Benirschke SK. Prognostic value of computed tomography classification systems for intra-articular calcaneus fractures. Foot Ankle Int. 2014 Oct;35(10):975-80. doi: 10.1177/1071100714548196. 
  • Apostle KL, Coleman NW, Sangeorzan BJ. Subtalar joint axis in patients with symptomatic peritalar subluxation compared to normal controls. Foot Ankle Int. 2014 Nov;35(11):1153-8. doi: 10.1177/1071100714546549. 
  • Louie PK, Sangeorzan BJ, Fassbind MJ, Ledoux WR. Talonavicular joint coverage and bone morphology between different foot types. J Orthop Res. 2014 Jul;32(7):958-66. doi: 10.1002/jor.22612. 
  • Trask DJ, Ledoux WR, Whittaker EC, Roush GC, Sangeorzan BJ. Second metatarsal osteotomies for metatarsalgia: a robotic cadaveric study of the effect of osteotomy plane and metatarsal shortening on plantar pressure. J Orthop Res. 2014 Mar;32(3):385-93. doi: 10.1002/jor.22524. 
  • Vaudreuil NJ, Ledoux WR, Roush GC, Whittaker EC, Sangeorzan BJ. Comparison of transfer sites for flexor digitorum longus in a cadaveric adult acquired flatfoot model. J Orthop Res. 2014 Jan;32(1):102-9. doi: 10.1002/jor.22488. 
  • Iaquinto JM, Tsai R, Haynor DR, Fassbind MJ, Sangeorzan BJ, Ledoux WR. Marker-based validation of a biplane fluoroscopy system for quantifying foot kinematics. Med Eng Phys. 2014 Mar;36(3):391-6. doi: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2013.08.013. 
  • Schaefer KL, Sangeorzan BJ, Fassbind MJ, Ledoux WR. The comparative morphology of idiopathic ankle osteoarthritis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012 Dec 19;94(24):e181. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.L.00063. 
  • Weber JR, Aubin PM, Ledoux WR, Sangeorzan BJ. Second metatarsal length is positively correlated with increased pressure and medial deviation of the second toe in a robotic cadaveric simulation of gait. Foot Ankle Int. 2012 Apr;33(4):312-9. doi: 10.3113/FAI.2012.0312. 
  • Hahn ME, Wright ES, Segal AD, Orendurff MS, Ledoux WR, Sangeorzan BJ. Comparative gait analysis of ankle arthrodesis and arthroplasty: initial findings of a prospective study. Foot Ankle Int. 2012 Apr;33(4):282-9. doi: 10.3113/FAI.2012.0282. 
  • Isvilanonda V, Dengler E, Iaquinto JM, Sangeorzan BJ, Ledoux WR. Finite element analysis of the foot: model validation and comparison between two common treatments of the clawed hallux deformity. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2012 Oct;27(8):837-44. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2012.05.005. Epub 2012 Jun 12.
  • Segal AD, Shofer J, Hahn ME, Orendurff MS, Ledoux WR, Sangeorzan BJ. Functional limitations associated with end-stage ankle arthritis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012 May 2;94(9):777-83. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.K.01177. 
  • Apostle KL, Sangeorzan BJ. Anatomy of the varus foot and ankle. Foot Ankle Clin. 2012 Mar;17(1):1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.fcl.2011.11.001. Epub 2011 Nov 29. 
  • Fassbind MJ, Rohr ES, Hu Y, Haynor DR, Siegler S, Sangeorzan BJ, Ledoux WR. Evaluating foot kinematics using magnetic resonance imaging: from maximum plantar flexion, inversion, and internal rotation to maximum dorsiflexion, eversion, and external rotation. J Biomech Eng. 2011 Oct;133(10):104502. doi: 10.1115/1.4005177. 
  • Hu Y, Ledoux WR, Fassbind M, Rohr ES, Sangeorzan BJ, Haynor D. Multi-rigid image segmentation and registration for the analysis of joint motion from three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging. J Biomech Eng. 2011 Oct;133(10):101005. doi: 10.1115/1.4005175. 
  • Jackson LT, Aubin PM, Cowley MS, Sangeorzan BJ, Ledoux WR. A robotic cadaveric flatfoot analysis of stance phase. J Biomech Eng. 2011 May;133(5):051005. doi: 10.1115/1.4003869.
  • Bayomy AF, Aubin PM, Sangeorzan BJ, Ledoux WR. Arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint: a robotic cadaver study of the dorsiflexion angle. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2010 Jul 21;92(8):1754-64. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.I.00984. 
  • Wheeler J, Sangeorzan A, Crass SM, Sangeorzan BJ, Benirschke SK, Hansen ST. Locally generated bone slurry accelerated ankle arthrodesis. Foot Ankle Int. 2009 Jul;30(7):686-9. doi: 10.3113/FAI.2009.0686. 
  • Blackman AJ, Blevins JJ, Sangeorzan BJ, Ledoux WR. Cadaveric flatfoot model: ligament attenuation and Achilles tendon overpull. J Orthop Res. 2009 Dec;27(12):1547-54. doi: 10.1002/jor.20930. 
  • Aminian A, Howe CR, Sangeorzan BJ, Benirschke SK, Nork SE, Barei DP. Ipsilateral talar and calcaneal fractures: a retrospective review of complications and sequelae. Injury. 2009 Feb;40(2):139-45. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2008.07.016. Epub 2009 Feb 5. 
  • Daines SB, Rohr ES, Pace AP, Fassbind MJ, Sangeorzan BJ, Ledoux WR. Cadaveric simulation of a pes cavus foot. Foot Ankle Int. 2009 Jan;30(1):44-50. doi: 10.3113/FAI.2009.0044.
  • Gardner MJ, Nork SE, Barei DP, Kramer PA, Sangeorzan BJ, Benirschke SK. Secondary soft tissue compromise in tongue-type calcaneus fractures. J Orthop Trauma. 2008 Aug;22(7):439-45. doi: 10.1097/BOT.0b013e31817ace7e. 
  • Aminian A, Sangeorzan BJ. The anatomy of cavus foot deformity. Foot Ankle Clin. 2008 Jun;13(2):191-8, v. doi: 10.1016/j.fcl.2008.01.004. 
  • Dunbar RP, Taitsman LA, Sangeorzan BJ, Hansen ST Jr. Technique tip: use of "pie crusting" of the dorsal skin in severe foot injury. Foot Ankle Int. 2007 Jul;28(7):851-3. 
  • Elias FN, Yuen TJ, Olson SL, Sangeorzan BJ, Ledoux WR. Correction of clawed hallux deformity: comparison of the Jones procedure and FHL transfer in a cadaver model. Foot Ankle Int. 2007 Mar;28(3):369-76.
  • Smith CS, Nork SE, Sangeorzan BJ. The extruded talus: results of reimplantation. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006 Nov;88(11):2418-24. 
  • Nork SE, Barei DP, Schildhauer TA, Agel J, Holt SK, Schrick JL, Sangeorzan BJ. Intramedullary nailing of proximal quarter tibial fractures. J Orthop Trauma. 2006 Sep;20(8):523-8.
  • Ledoux WR, Rohr ES, Ching RP, Sangeorzan BJ. Effect of foot shape on the three-dimensional position of foot bones. J Orthop Res. 2006 Dec;24(12):2176-86. 
  • Mkandawire C, Ledoux WR, Sangeorzan BJ, Ching RP. Foot and ankle ligament morphometry. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2005 Nov-Dec;42(6):809-20. 
  • Barei DP, Nork SE, Bellabarba C, Sangeorzan BJ. Is the absence of an ipsilateral fibular fracture predictive of increased radiographic tibial pilon fracture severity? J Orthop Trauma. 2006 Jan;20(1):6-10.
  • Blackwood CB, Yuen TJ, Sangeorzan BJ, Ledoux WR. The midtarsal joint locking mechanism. Foot Ankle Int. 2005 Dec;26(12):1074-80.
  • Kadel NJ, Donaldson-Fletcher EA, Hansen ST, Sangeorzan BJ. Alternative to the modified jones procedure: outcomes of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon transfer procedure for correction of clawed hallux. Foot Ankle Int. 2005 Dec;26(12):1021-6.
  • Orendurff MS, Rohr ES, Sangeorzan BJ, Weaver K, Czerniecki JM. An equinus deformity of the ankle accounts for only a small amount of the increased forefoot plantar pressure in patients with diabetes. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2006 Jan;88(1):65-8.

Please see Dr. Sangeorzan's complete PubMed Listing for older publications.


Biomechanics of the foot and ankle: relationship between foot shape and disease, arthritis of the foot and ankle; deformed foot.

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